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The missing middle? Roles of intermediate institutions in industrial innovation

The missing middle? Roles of intermediate institutions in industrial innovation

Carlos Lopez-Gomez, Centre for Science, Technology and Innovation Policy, University of Cambridge

This session will focus on the roles that technology & innovation centres can play as policy mechanisms for driving industrial competitiveness. The topic of technology & innovation centres has received considerable international attention recently, not least with the establishment of the Institutes for Manufacturing Innovation (IMIs) in the US and the Catapult Centres in the UK. The debate in academic and practice has thus far, however, primarily focused on the role of technology & innovation centres in bridging the 'missing middle' or 'valley of death' between basic R&D and technology commercialisation. Relatively little attention has been paid to additional roles that may be critical to the competitiveness of innovation systems: productivity enhancement, supply chain development, skill formation, market diversification, etc. This session aims to address this gap by bringing together analyses of the diversity of functions and services provided by technology and innovation centres internationally.